In this chapter presented the introduction of research. It covered background of the research, formulation of the problems, objective of the research, the significant of the research, the hypothesis of the research, the scope and limitation of the research, and definition of key terms.
A. Background of the Research
In this present it is important to be able to speak and understand English language. English has made very big influence in the parts of human life. Learning English is not only important to get education but also to get new technology, science and knowledge. It is spoken in almost every nation in the world. In our world, it is known as universal language. Anywhere we go in the world, we will find people who speak English. And majority of the world of entertainment use English too.
“There are two kind of ways in which people establish communication in language. They are oral and written. Oral and written occur within one social and work together to form meanings within that situation.”(Burns, 1997:)
According to Brown (2000:335) “Written communication is result of employing strategy to manage the composing process, which is one of gradually developing a text. Written product is often the result of thinking, drafting, and revising procedure that require specialized skills, skills that not every speaker develops naturally.”
When people communicate by written, they are alone and they indirectly contact with other people to whom they are writing. In written communication the writer often feels under an obligation to achieve accuracy and precision, for example in writing a letter, poem, short message, service, etc.
“Communication by oral can be described as producing sound to communicate with other and the others side produce the sound to give response back to understand each other what they want to express with a word.”(Hornby, 1985:35).
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